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Table 3 Angles measured from slow motion recordings of ependymal cilia (refer to Figure 1).

From: Analysis of ependymal ciliary beat pattern and beat frequency using high speed imaging: comparison with the photomultiplier and photodiode methods

  N Mean Angle (°) SD SEM +/_95% Confidence Intervals
L 106 12.1 4.5 0.4 0.9
R 106 12.6 5.1 0.5 1.0
Outer Left 106 85.6 13.4 1.3 2.6
Outer Right 106 69.8 11.8 1.15 2.3
  1. OL: Outer Left: maximum movement of the cilium to the left with reference to the horizontal. OR: Outer Right: maximum movement of the cilium to the right with reference to the horizontal. L: maximum deviation of cilium left of midline. R: maximum deviation of cilium right of midline. N, number; SEM, standard error of the mean.