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A high-throughput genome-wide siRNA screen for ciliogenesis identifies new ciliary functional components and ciliopathy genes

Defects in primary cilium biogenesis underlie the ciliopathies, a growing group of genetic disorders. We describe the first whole genome siRNA-based reverse genetics screen for defects in biogenesis and/or maintenance of the primary cilium, obtaining a global resource for investigation and interventions into the processes that are critical for the ciliary system. In total, we identified 83 candidate ciliogenesis and ciliopathy genes, including 15 components of the ubiquitin-proteasome system. The validated hits also include 12 encoding G-protein-coupled receptors, and three encoding pre-mRNA processing factors (PRPF6, PRPF8 and PRPF31) mutated in autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa. Combining the screen with exome sequencing data identified recessive mutations in screen candidate genes as novel causes of ciliopathies, emphasizing the utility of our screen for ciliopathy gene discovery. Our findings emphasize the relevance of global, unbiased functional and genetic screening approaches in understanding ciliogenesis complexity, and in identifying loss of function in unanticipated pathways of human genetic disease.

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Correspondence to K Szymanska.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Keywords

  • Retinitis
  • Exome Sequencing
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa
  • Primary Cilium
  • Human Genetic Disease