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PDZD7 connects the Usher protein complex to the intraflagellar transport machinery
© Vrieze et al. 2015
- Published: 13 July 2015
- Basal Body
- Photoreceptor Cell
- Scaffold Protein
- Transport Molecule
- Usher Syndrome
Several Usher syndrome (USH)-associated proteins are known to localize to the connecting cilium of photoreceptor cells. The unconventional myosin MYO7A (USH1B) was long accepted as the transport molecule responsible for the ciliary localization of USH proteins. However, based on the typical location of several of the USH proteins along the ciliary axoneme, the involvement of the main ciliary trafficking machinery, intraflagellar transport (IFT), seems apparent.
The USH-associated scaffold protein PDZD7 is known to interact with SANS, Usherin, GPR98 and Whirlin, all of which can be found in the connecting cilium. Here, we report that PDZD7 provides the physical link of the USH-protein network to IFT-complex members. Tandem affinity purification (TAP) studies revealed a potential interaction between PDZD7 and several IFT molecules, including IFT25 and IFT27. TAP analyses of the other USH proteins were negative for IFT proteins, suggesting that this interaction is unique for PDZD7. In addition, a dedicated yeast two-hybrid screen of 200 (predicted) ciliary proteins revealed an interaction between PDZD7 and IFT57. The interaction between PDZD7 and selected IFT subunits was substantiated by co-immunoprecipitations. In accordance with these results, mRFP-tagged PDZD7, expressed in ciliated hTERT-RPE1 cells, localizes not only at the basal body, but also at the axoneme of a subset of cells.
Pending further validation of the interaction between PDZD7 and IFT-B proteins, these first results suggest PDZD7 as a functional connection between USH-proteins and the IFT machinery. Future studies should reveal whether PDZD7 is involved in IFT of USH proteins in vivo.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.