Volume 4 Supplement 1

Proceedings of the Second International Cilia in Development and Disease Scientific Conference (2014)

Open Access

Yeast as a simple eukaryotic model to study human diseases linked to membrane trafficking

  • J De Craene1,
  • S Bär1,
  • J Laporte2,
  • V Marion3,
  • H Dollfus3 and
  • S Friant1
Cilia20154(Suppl 1):P31

https://doi.org/10.1186/2046-2530-4-S1-P31

Published: 13 July 2015

Many human diseases are linked to mutations in genes encoding membrane trafficking proteins, among them the X-linked centronuclear myopathy (XLCNM) and ciliopathies. We use yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model system to study these human disease trafficking genes. It is a good model because yeast and human cells present similar intracellular organization and its membrane trafficking and metabolism are well characterized. We first studied the MTM1 gene, responsible for XLCNM, which codes for a myotubularin, a lipid phosphatase required for endosomal sorting. The heterologous expression of wild-type MTM1 or XLCNM patient mutants in yeast allowed comparing their in vivo phosphatase activity and their cellular function in trafficking. The yeast results showed that the phosphatase activity is not defective in patient mutants, further confirmed in the mouse Mtm1 KO model for myopathy [1].

Ciliopathies are complex genetic disorders that result from defects in the formation and/or function of the primary cilium. They include disorders such as Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS), Joubert syndrome (JBTS) and Alström syndrome (ALS) [2]. Cilia are involved in development and in signaling cascades. Despite, the identification of a large number of genes involved in ciliopathies (http://www.syscilia.org/goldstandard.shtml), the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which they cause the disease are largely unknown. In collaboration with the laboratory of Hélène Dollfus, we aim at understanding the cellular roles of membrane trafficking genes involved in ciliopathies by using the yeast model system. Indeed, organization of the primary cilium depends on membrane trafficking since many genes linked to ciliopathies are involved in membrane trafficking [3].

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
UMR7156 Trafic Intracellulaire et Signalisation Lipidique, Universite de Strasbourg
(2)
Laboratoire de Physiopathologie des Maladies Neuromusculaires, IGBMC
(3)
Unité INSERM U1112, Université de Strasbourg

References

  1. Amoasii L, Bertazzi DL, Tronchere H, Hnia K, Chicanne G, Rinaldi B, et al: Phosphatase-dead myotubularin ameliorates X-linked centronuclear myopathy phenotypes in mice. PLoS Genet. 2012, 8: e1002965-10.1371/journal.pgen.1002965.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Baker K, Beales PL: Making sense of cilia in disease: the human ciliopathies. Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet. 2009, 151C: 281-295. 10.1002/ajmg.c.30231.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Leroux MR: Taking vesicular transport to the cilium. Cell. 2007, 129: 1041-1043. 10.1016/j.cell.2007.05.049.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Craene et al. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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